The Fast of the 10th of Tevet
It is written in Zejarya 8,19 (Zacharias):
"Thus said the Creator, the fourth fast and the fifth fast and the seventh fast and the tenth fast, will be for the house of Yehuda of rejoicing , joy and happy holidays "
Our great sages explained that this was said in reference to the four obligatory fasts:
Fourth fast: referring to the fast of the 17th of Tammuz, the fourth month of the year .
Fifth fast: to the 9th of Ab fifth month of the year.
Seventh Fast: to the 3 of Tishrei, seventh month of the year.
Fast tenth: to the 10th of Tevet, the tenth month of the year.
Consequently the tenth fast is "Asara be Tevet" (the 10th of Tevet) which falls on the tenth month of the year from the month of Nissan a few days after Hanukkah.
All Jews He must fast those dates when serious and painful episodes occurred to the people of Israel, in order to awaken and open our hearts to the Teshuva, remembering our evil deeds and those of our ancestors, which caused such bitter suffering.
Thus remembering we will return them and improve our deeds as it is written:
"and they will complete their sins and the sins of their fathers" (Vaikra- Leviticus 26:40)
On this date On the 10th of Tevet Nebujandetzar (Nebucondosor) the king of Babel, with all his armies besieging and drowning the Holy City, reached Jerusalem for many months. This marked the beginning of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Holy House.
May it be the will before our God that soon and in our time, we will see the reconstruction of Jerusalem and the Beit Hamikdash.
(Excerpted from Kitzur Shuljan Aruj, fasts, Tevet 10)
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